Between Revelations/Proposition And Intellect

Between Revelations/Proposition And Intellect

Islam is very concerned with human reason. In many verses Allah often ends His verse with a sentence, do you not know, do you not think, do you not contemplate, do you not take lessons and so on. So Islam invites us to always think and use our intellect to carry out Islamic law. But sometimes there is a Shari’a which seems unreasonable if this is the case then which one takes precedence?

There is a story in the Qur’an when Allah finished creating Adam, then Allah ordered the angels to prostrate to Adam, but the devil refused and was arrogant. When asked why the devil did not want to bow down, he replied because he felt better than Adam. He thinks he was better than Adam because he was created by God from fire while Adam was created by God from the land. Even though there was no explanation that fire is better than land. But the devil uses his intellect to fight God’s commands.

The next story is about Isra ‘and mi’raj prophet Muhammad Sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam. A very famous story of how in one night the Prophet Muhammad traveled from the Holy Mosque in Mecca to the Aqsa Mosque in Palestine, then proceeded up to the seventh heaven to receive the revelation of prayer from Allah, then went down again and returned to Mecca. The incident lasted only one night. We will definitely say the incident was an impossible thing, it makes no sense. Abu Jahal, a high ranking official of the Quraish, when he heard this story laughed at the Prophet Muhammad because according to him the incident was impossible. Abu Jahal then told the Prophet Muhammad to tell the incident to the Quraysh community. Most of them said the incident did not make sense, even some Muslims said so. But when the incident was told to Abu Bakr, he then said, even if there was a more impossible event experienced by the Prophet Muhammad he would believe it. Such was the faith of Abu Bakr. He prioritizes Allah and the Prophet Muhammad rather than his intellect. So where is our position? Follow Abu Jahal or Abu Bakr?

Even in Islamic Sharia, there are some things that don’t make sense. For example, when we pray then fart, then our prayer is canceled. All we have to do is perform ablution. If we follow reason, of course, what should be washed is the part that emits wind, in fact, all members of ablutions that are washed. Another example, a woman who experiences menstruation when fasting for Ramadan, she has the obligation to change her fast at a later time. But it was not ordered to replace the prayer, even though the position of prayer was more important than fasting. But that is the Shari’a, the basis is revelation/proposition, not intellect. So as a Muslim when we are ruled by Allah and the Prophet Muhammad, what we do is we listen and we obey. There is no need to think about what are the benefits behind the order. Likewise, when we are prohibited from doing something, we stay away without our need to find out the danger from the prohibition.

Thinking Bad For Something

Thinking Bad For Something

There is an assumption in my area that if there is a small child who is often sick, one of the reason is that he is not strong with the name given by his parents. So the solution is to replace the child’s name with another name. This belief still exists in some communities until now. Maybe this is one thing that is strange and does not make sense to us, but that’s how some people believe.

The belief of some other people is that they will not leave on certain days because they assume that if they leave that day, bad luck will be overwritten. There is a confidence in some people that they may not hold weddings on certain days or in certain months because if they hold an event on a certain day or month it will have a bad effect.
In Islam, assuming bad luck because something is called “tathoyyur”, comes from the word “thoirun” which means bird. Arabs before Islam came to have one belief, that is if they would travel they first saw a bird or released a bird, if the bird moved to the right they would travel but if the bird moved to the left they would not leave. They assume that if the bird moves to the right it will bring good luck while if the bird moves to the left it will bring bad luck. “Tathoyyur” is not only for birds but for everything. Everything that is considered bad luck is called “tathoyyur”.

In modern life, as it is now, the unlucky assumption is still there. For example, some people consider the bad number of 13. We can see in the multi-story building there is no name for the 13th floor, there are no rooms number 13 in the hotel, in the airplanes, there are no seats in number 13 and so on, because they assume that the number 13 carries damn it.

Allah ta’ala says which means, “Know, their misfortune is truly a decree from Allah, but most of them do not know.” (Surah Al Araaf [7]: 131)
From this verse, we know that the misfortune that befell humanity is God’s decree, something that is destined by God will befall humans.

Allah ta’ala also said which means, “Your misfortune is because of you alone. If you are warned (you are unlucky)? Actually, you are people who exceed the limits. “(QS. Yaasiin [36]: 19)
From this verse we know that the misfortune that befalls us is because of our own actions, because of our own beliefs, most of us are people who transgress.

From ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud, he mentioned the hadith marfu’ – to the Apostles Muhammad Sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam-, which means,” Assuming bad luck is shirk, assuming bad luck is shirk “. He called it three times. Then Ibn Masud said, “Nothing can eliminate the bad guess in his heart. But Allah is the one who removes the unfortunate presumption with resignation. “(Narrated by Abu Daud no. 3910 and Ibn Majah no. 3538. Shaykh Al Albani said that this hadith is saheeh).

This hadith clearly states that “tathoyyur” includes shirk. This unfortunate presumption reduces one’s monotheism. It can even be big shirk if you believe that creatures can bring benefits or disaster for us. So it is fitting for those of us who profess faith to stay away from bad luck in birds, numbers, days or anything else.